MUDAWAMAH MUDAWAMAH 1 *, I.D. RATNANINGTYAS 1 , USMAN ALI 1 ,
M.Z. FADLI 2 AND G. CIPTADI 3
1 Animal Science Department, University of Islam Malang, MT Haryono 193 Malang, Indonesia
2 Medicine Department, University of Islam Malang, MT Haryono 193 Malang, Indonesia
1 Animal Science Department, University of Brawijaya, Veteran Malang, Indonesia
(Recieved 9 June, 2018; accepted 20 August, 2018)
Key words : Indonesian Goat, RAPD, Artificial Insemination, Similarity
Abstract – There are two populations of Indonesian Local Ettawah Goats (ILEG) in Ampelgading District, East Java, Indonesia, derived from different selected bucks by natural service (NS) and artificial insemination (AI). The objectives of this study were to provide genetic and phenotypic information of Indonesian Local Ettawah Goats that has been able to adapt in rural areas. The informations explained the phenotypic and genetic variation based on dendogram analysis. The phenotypic dendogram based on taxonomic relationships with morphological characteristics, the genotypic dendogram based on the RAPD analysis, and phenotypic and genotypic dendogram resulted by the combined data between morphological characteristics and molecular of the both local goat populations. This study used RAPD with 11 primers from OPP and RAPD primers. The samples were 23 ILEG does derived from natural service population and 20 ILEG does derived from artificial insemination population. Analysis of dendogram were calculated using numerical taxonomy and multivariate analysis system (NTSYS) software version 2.0. The results showed that similarity phenotypic, genetic, phenotype and genetic combination of natural service and artificial insemination population were 0.45, 0.56, 0.57 and 0.68, 0.60, 0.65, respectively. The conclusion of this study was genetic and phenotypic variation was higher in the population derived from natural service than artificial service. The phenotypic and genetic variation between population of natural service and artificial insemination was low.