Dendogram of Indonesian local Ettawah Goats in three villages of Sumenep Madura East Java

Mudawamah Mudawamah 1 , M. Zainul Fadl 1 , Usman Ali 1 , and Gatot Ciptadi 3
1 Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Islam Malang, Malang- 65144, Indonesia
2 Faculty of Medicine, University of Islam Malang, Malang- 65144, Indonesia
3 Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Brawijaya, Malang- 65144, Indonesia

The highest small ruminant population in Indonesia was goats, many East Java breeders keep goats which breed of Indonesian Local Ettawah Goats (ILEG). The purpose of this research was to know the population diversity through phenotype similarity in Sumenep Madura East Java. The subject of this research was 54 heads of ILEG which fulfill the criteria of sampling in Kalianget, Saronggi and Poteran villages. The research method was a case study with primary data taking through direct observation of ILEG does in the field. Observed variables were included variations of qualitative traits included the shape of the head, face, forehead, horns, ears, back, udder, nipple, and the color of head, face, legs and tail. Data analysis was performed with the NTSYSpc version 2.0 software program before analyzing the data was converted into binary form (1, 0). The results showed that the phenotype similarity in the three villages was range between 0.58-1. The conclusion was that the diversity of phenotypes between populations in the villages of Kalianget, Saronggi, and Porteran was 42% with a dendogram of 58%.
Keywords: phenotype diversity, goat, qualitative traits