The phenotypic analysis and population structure of male Senduro Goat breed at Lumajang Regency East Java Indonesia

Gatot Ciptadi 1, Ardyah I. Putri 2 , Sri Rahayu 2 , Sri Wahyuningsih 1 , Moch. Nasich 1,
M. Mudawamah 3 and Agus Budiarto 1
1 Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Brawijaya University Malang Indonesia
2 Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, UB, Malang Indonesia
3 Faculty of Animal Science, Islamic University of Malang (UNISMA), Indonesia

The phenotypic character of the qualitative and qualitative traits of this new breed of Senduro goat has been established. However, phenotypic, genetic aspects and specific characters of this goat have not been fully described. The aim of the research is to determine the phenotypic characters based on the qualitative traits of Senduro male goats, population structure and to determine the level of similarity of goats Senduro compared with PE goat and Etawah goat. The material used in the study are male goat Senduro age of about 1 year – 4 years. The variables measured were the character of qualitative which includes the color of feathers, shape of the ears, horns, face shape, the back line, great feathers, and tail. The result showed that 211 goats Senduro that Senduro goat considered with the standard breed (SNI, 2014) include characters of white coat color, not polled, ears folded, and face down into the ears with a total percentage of 62.08%; 64%; 91.5%; and 81% respectively. The similarity rate between the goat Senduro with Etawah goat is 0,5. meanwhile, Senduro goats with PE goat have a higher similarity that is 75%. Senduro goat male phenotype in Senduro district still varied, goats Senduro in accordance with SNI estimated at 37% and 63% were still varied.It was concluded that Senduro is an important genetic resource of goat as a dual type both for milk and meat production
Keywords: chromosomes, goats, Senduro, genetic quality