Mudawamah Mudawamah1*, Villa Vavilla2, Dedi Suryanto3 and Mohammad Zainul Fadli4
1University of Islam Malang, Department of Animal Husbandry,Jalan MT. Haryono 193, Malang 65151, Indonesia
2University of Islam Malang, Department of Animal Husbandry,Jalan MT. Haryono 193, Malang 65151, Indonesia
3University of Islam Malang, Department of Animal Husbandry,Jalan MT. Haryono 193, Malang 65151, Indonesia
4University of Islam Malang, Department of Medical,Jalan MT. Haryono 193, Malang 65151, Indonesia
The study aimed to determine the hip size of Indonesian Local Ettawah Goats (Peranakan Ettawah or PE) from various parity as a selection criterion for candidate goats that could be kidding without dystocia. This research method was a case study with purposive sampling that chose healthy reproductive goats marked by normal category relation with the duration of pregnancy, the age of first pregnancy, and the kidding process. Variable observed was hip length and width, and data analysis used descriptive analysis through mean and variance as well as one-way variance analysis. Hip measurement of Indonesian Local Ettawah Goats from 1st to fifth parity showed the average hip-length ranged from 82-85.67 cm and hip height varied between 19.60-21.33 cm. The variance analysis showed that the types of parity had a very significant difference (P < 0.01) on the height hips but had significant difference (P < 0.05) on the width-hips, with the variance of hip height and width, ranged 0.33-5.90 and 0.33-1.00. Hip height and width increased as high parity (1st until 3rd), while 4th and 5th parity were relatively constant in hip size. Determination coefficients between parity and hip height and width were 35,00 % and 36,30 %. This study concluded that the variance of hip width was smaller (more consistent) than the hip height of Indonesian Local Ettawah Goats. One of the basic selection criteria for Indonesian Local Ettawah doe candidates was hip-width with 19,60 cm or more.
Keywords: Hip Length And Width, Goat, Parity.