The phenotypic analysis and population structure of male Senduro Goat breed at Lumajang Regency East Java Indonesia

Gatot Ciptadi 1, Ardyah I. Putri 2 , Sri Rahayu 2 , Sri Wahyuningsih 1 , Moch. Nasich 1,
M. Mudawamah 3 and Agus Budiarto 1
1 Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Brawijaya University Malang Indonesia
2 Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, UB, Malang Indonesia
3 Faculty of Animal Science, Islamic University of Malang (UNISMA), Indonesia

The phenotypic character of the qualitative and qualitative traits of this new breed of Senduro goat has been established. However, phenotypic, genetic aspects and specific characters of this goat have not been fully described. The aim of the research is to determine the phenotypic characters based on the qualitative traits of Senduro male goats, population structure and to determine the level of similarity of goats Senduro compared with PE goat and Etawah goat. The material used in the study are male goat Senduro age of about 1 year – 4 years. The variables measured were the character of qualitative which includes the color of feathers, shape of the ears, horns, face shape, the back line, great feathers, and tail. The result showed that 211 goats Senduro that Senduro goat considered with the standard breed (SNI, 2014) include characters of white coat color, not polled, ears folded, and face down into the ears with a total percentage of 62.08%; 64%; 91.5%; and 81% respectively. The similarity rate between the goat Senduro with Etawah goat is 0,5. meanwhile, Senduro goats with PE goat have a higher similarity that is 75%. Senduro goat male phenotype in Senduro district still varied, goats Senduro in accordance with SNI estimated at 37% and 63% were still varied.It was concluded that Senduro is an important genetic resource of goat as a dual type both for milk and meat production
Keywords: chromosomes, goats, Senduro, genetic quality

Dendogram of Indonesian local Ettawah Goats in three villages of Sumenep Madura East Java

Mudawamah Mudawamah 1 , M. Zainul Fadl 1 , Usman Ali 1 , and Gatot Ciptadi 3
1 Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Islam Malang, Malang- 65144, Indonesia
2 Faculty of Medicine, University of Islam Malang, Malang- 65144, Indonesia
3 Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Brawijaya, Malang- 65144, Indonesia

The highest small ruminant population in Indonesia was goats, many East Java breeders keep goats which breed of Indonesian Local Ettawah Goats (ILEG). The purpose of this research was to know the population diversity through phenotype similarity in Sumenep Madura East Java. The subject of this research was 54 heads of ILEG which fulfill the criteria of sampling in Kalianget, Saronggi and Poteran villages. The research method was a case study with primary data taking through direct observation of ILEG does in the field. Observed variables were included variations of qualitative traits included the shape of the head, face, forehead, horns, ears, back, udder, nipple, and the color of head, face, legs and tail. Data analysis was performed with the NTSYSpc version 2.0 software program before analyzing the data was converted into binary form (1, 0). The results showed that the phenotype similarity in the three villages was range between 0.58-1. The conclusion was that the diversity of phenotypes between populations in the villages of Kalianget, Saronggi, and Porteran was 42% with a dendogram of 58%.
Keywords: phenotype diversity, goat, qualitative traits



1 Animal Science Department, University of Islam Malang, MT Haryono 193 Malang, Indonesia
2 Medicine Department, University of Islam Malang, MT Haryono 193 Malang, Indonesia
1 Animal Science Department, University of Brawijaya, Veteran Malang, Indonesia
(Recieved 9 June, 2018; accepted 20 August, 2018)

Key words : Indonesian Goat, RAPD, Artificial Insemination, Similarity

Abstract – There are two populations of Indonesian Local Ettawah Goats (ILEG) in Ampelgading District, East Java, Indonesia, derived from different selected bucks by natural service (NS) and artificial insemination (AI). The objectives of this study were to provide genetic and phenotypic information of Indonesian Local Ettawah Goats that has been able to adapt in rural areas. The informations explained the phenotypic and genetic variation based on dendogram analysis. The phenotypic dendogram based on taxonomic relationships with morphological characteristics, the genotypic dendogram based on the RAPD analysis, and phenotypic and genotypic dendogram resulted by the combined data between morphological characteristics and molecular of the both local goat populations. This study used RAPD with 11 primers from OPP and RAPD primers. The samples were 23 ILEG does derived from natural service population and 20 ILEG does derived from artificial insemination population. Analysis of dendogram were calculated using numerical taxonomy and multivariate analysis system (NTSYS) software version 2.0. The results showed that similarity phenotypic, genetic, phenotype and genetic combination of natural service and artificial insemination population were 0.45, 0.56, 0.57 and 0.68, 0.60, 0.65, respectively. The conclusion of this study was genetic and phenotypic variation was higher in the population derived from natural service than artificial service. The phenotypic and genetic variation between population of natural service and artificial insemination was low.